Saudi Journal for Health Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14--20

Clinical, serological, and radiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients in Makkah, Saudi Arabia


Imran Nazir1, Mohammed Al Shareef2, Sayed Shakeel Ur Rahman3, Iffat Imran4, Hanan Mohamed Moalim Abdullah5, Hossam El-din Shaaban6, Khalid Khalil7, Anas Mohammad M Al Hazmi5, Waleed Amasaib Mohammed Ahmed5, Amna Al Kalkami3 
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Security Forces Hospital, Makkah, KSA
2 Director General, Security Forces Hospital, Makkah, KSA
3 Department of Nephrology, Security Forces Hospital, Makkah, KSA
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, KSA
5 Department of ID, Security Forces Hospital, Makkah, KSA
6 Department of Gastroenterology, Security Forces Hospital, Makkah, KSA
7 Department of Hematology, Security Forces Hospital, Makkah, KSA

Correspondence Address:
Imran Nazir
Security Forces Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is spreading across the globe at an alarming rate. The number of COVID-19 cases in Saudi Arabia is increasing daily. Saudi Arabia is a hot zone for outbreaks of infectious diseases like COVID-19, especially the Makkah area. Hence, determining the clinical characteristics along with serological, hematological, and radiological abnormalities in COVID-19 patients is important for epidemiological decision-making, such as control and surveillance strategies. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study done in a single health-care hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, for 4-month period. We include admitted COVID-19 patients (confirmed with qualitative real-time polymerase chain reaction test) of any gender with age >14 years. The complete data of COVID-19 patients were extracted from electronic medical records. Data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 23. Categorical variables were presented as counts and percentages, where means and standard deviations (SDs) were extracted for continuous variables. Fisher's exact test was applied to assess association with mortality. Results: Total enrolled cases were 226. The mean age of the patients was 58 years with SD (±0.4458) and 95% confidence interval (2.688–2.810). The common clinical presentations were fever (77.4%), cough (77%), shortness of breath (53.5%), and myalgia (37.2%). Lymphopenia was observed in 54.4%, anemia in 8.4%, leukopenia in 16.4%, and thrombocytopenia in 9.3% of the patients. The fatality rate was 8.4% (n = 19) over this 4-month period. Conclusion: Advanced age and comorbidity plays a pivotal role in disease mortality. Elderly people's constant evaluation and management is of fundamental importance to decrease mortality.


How to cite this article:
Nazir I, Al Shareef M, Rahman SS, Imran I, Abdullah HM, Shaaban HE, Khalil K, Al Hazmi AM, Mohammed Ahmed WA, Al Kalkami A. Clinical, serological, and radiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.Saudi J Health Sci 2021;10:14-20


How to cite this URL:
Nazir I, Al Shareef M, Rahman SS, Imran I, Abdullah HM, Shaaban HE, Khalil K, Al Hazmi AM, Mohammed Ahmed WA, Al Kalkami A. Clinical, serological, and radiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Health Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jun 12 ];10:14-20
Available from: https://www.saudijhealthsci.org/article.asp?issn=2278-0521;year=2021;volume=10;issue=1;spage=14;epage=20;aulast=Nazir;type=0