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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-49

Clinical, histopathological, and radiological features of unilateral nasal mass in Saudi Arabia: A retrospective study

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Rhinology Unit, Alhada Armed Forces Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Surgery, Medical College, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Khalid Hakami
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Rhinology Unit, Alhada Armed Forces Hospital, Taif
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjhs.sjhs_168_19

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Context: Nonneoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the nasal cavity are common conditions in routine clinical practice among almost all age group of people. Aims: This study examines the clinicopathological and radiological profiles of the unilateral nasal mass in an Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) clinic of AlHada Armed Forces Hospital. Settings and Design: The study design involves an ENT clinic of AlHada Armed Forces Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective examination of patients' records was done to investigate the clinicopathological and radiological profiles of unilateral nasal masses between 2016 and 2018. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics included mean, standard deviation, frequencies, and percentages, and inferential statistics such as independent t-test and Chi-square were carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software (Version 20.0 IBM SPSS Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Results: Nasal polyps were the most common diagnosis seen in seven (35%) cases, and the most common symptom was nasal obstruction (N: 12; 60%). Histopathological examination revealed that inflammatory lesions were more common (N: 13; 65%) than that of nonneoplastic masses (N: 7; 35%). In two patients with nasal polyps (n = 7), the radiological diagnosis was not correlated with the histopathological findings. Conclusions: Most of our cases of unilateral nasal mass were inflammatory nasal polyps followed by allergic fungal sinusitis. Clinicians should use caution in relying on radiological findings, and all lesions should undergo a pathological examination.

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