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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 98-104

Assessment of caregivers' knowledge and behavior in the management of pediatric asthma in Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Pharmacy Practice Research Unit, College of Pharmacy, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ahmed A Albarraq
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Pharmacy Practice Research Unit, College of Pharmacy, Jazan University, Jazan
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjhs.sjhs_6_19

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Objectives: The knowledge and behavior of caregivers are playing a significant role in preventing and managing the emergency conditions of disease or disorder suffered by their children. Pediatric asthma is one such severe health disorder, which cripples the child from regular activities and exerts enormous stress on parents if not appropriately managed with adequate knowledge and skills in the initial stage of onset. This research paper, thus, is aimed to appraise the caregivers' knowledge and behavior (n = 250) of asthmatic children admitted to general hospitals in Jazan province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, about the cause, prognosis, and therapy of asthma in preventing and handling emergency asthmatic attacks in their children. Materials and Methods: Caregivers were interviewed with the help of a questionnaire (35 items) about pediatric asthma. The questionnaire was adapted from the Chicago Community Asthma Survey. Results: The results revealed that information regarding complications of pediatric asthma, behavioral skills, and knowledge on its management that are required to practice during an emergency was very little among the caregivers of asthmatic children. Lack of proper education, insufficient knowledge of asthma, underprivileged socioeconomic class, and substandard living conditions came out as reasons for poor knowledge and behavior among them. Conclusion: The study recommends that there is an urgent and pressing need to educate caregivers and provide continuous training on the right practice during asthma attacks to take proper and efficient care of their children.

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