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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 71-76

Factors associated with underreporting of adverse drug reactions by nurses: A narrative literature review

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Prince Sultan Military College of Health Sciences, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Nafis Haider
Prince Sultan Military College of Health Sciences, Dhahran
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjhs.sjhs_37_17

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Spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) by health-care professionals is the basic method for the identification and prevention new and serious ADRs of marketed drugs. The contribution of nurses in this task can improve patient safety and reduce the extra financial burden associated with it. Although a total of 11% of ADRs in National Pharmacovigilance and Drug Safety Center were reported by nurses. The objectives of this review were to identify the possible factors that lead to underreporting of ADRs by nurses and define strategies that increase the reporting. This review has revealed various factors that influence the underreporting of ADRs and strategies to encourage reporting by nurses. Most of the identified factors are potentially modifiable. To overcome the underreporting of ADRs by nurses' main interventions should be based on education, motivation, and determination.

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