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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 104-109

Male gender as an independent risk factor for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: An outcome analysis at a teaching institute


1 Department of Surgery, Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Surgery, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Smt. S.K. Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Jitendra Kumar
D-15/103, Sector-7, Rohini, New Delhi - 110 085
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjhs.sjhs_65_17

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Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is one of the most common surgeries performed by the surgeons on a daily basis. Male gender patients have always been considered as an independent risk factor which adversely affects the surgical outcome of LC. However, in recent time, so many conflicting reports have been published which have started to challenge this notion. The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of male gender on an outcome of LC after doing proper adjustment of other risk factors and different variables. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational study for which data collected in respect to elective LC performed at Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, of the period from April 20, 2014, to April 30, 2016, have been analyzed. Results: The total number of cases found to be suitable was 670 (n = 670) out of which the number of females was 597 (89.10%) and males was 73 (10.89%). Mean/median age of males was 39.30 (±1.23) and females was 36.00 (±20). Median duration of operating time was 60 min and it was same (interquartile range - male = 45/female = 40) for both male and female groups (P = 0.035). In male group, 08.10% and in female group, 05.01% undergone conversion (P = 0.188). In both groups, median duration of postoperative hospital stay was 1 (±1) day (P = 0.137). Conclusion: After exclusion of all other risk factors said to affect the surgical outcome of LC, statistically, we have not found any significant difference between male and female gender in term of influencing the outcome of LC.


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