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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-66

Hypertension and employee's health: A cross-sectional analysis in private sector at Eastern province, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Exercise Physiology, College of Sport Sciences and Physical Activity, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohammed T Al-Hariri
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, 2114, Dammam 31451
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0521.192999

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Background: Cardiovascular disease has become the main cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Aims: This study was aimed to explore the association between the prevalence of hypertension among employees population and its associated risk factors in private sectors. Settings and Design: The study was cross-sectional screening campaigns by visiting every company. Materials and Methods: The sample size was 915 male employees aged 20-64 years, who voluntarily participated in the screening program. Weight, random blood glucose, and blood pressure (BP) were collected. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 for windows. A descriptive statistics, t-test, and simple linear regression were used between the variables. Results: Forty-four percent of the participants were prehypertensive and 34% were hypertensive. There were significant differences between participants based on glucose levels, age, and body weight in systolic BP (P < 0.001), and between participants based on their age and body weight in diastolic BP (DBP) (P < 0.001). There were statistically significant differences between groups classified by occupational status (supervisor, skilled, and unskilled jobs) in age and weight (P < 0.001), as well as DBP (P = 0.049). Exercise and smoking did not affect BP. Conclusion: The findings provided limited proof that the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension were high in male employees in the private sector in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Age, body weight, and diabetes were risk factors of hypertension.

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