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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-128

Prevalence and treatment of Alopecia areata in Taif area, KSA

1 Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut; Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Abd El-Mawla
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut - 71526
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0521.157891

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Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is one type of hair loss that typically causes patches of baldness. In some cases, total baldness develops. There are no adequate studies concerning AA on the Taif area residents, KSA. Aim: The present study conducted for the first time prevalence, causes and treatment of AA in Al-Taif area, KSA. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire employed to determine the prevalence of AA in patients attending dermatology clinics in Al-Taif area. The doctors questioned about the number of patients attend dermatology clinics and suffering from AA. Doctors also were asked about types, causes of AA and the treatment/responsiveness. The data collected and analysed statistically. Results: The obtained results showed a noticeable prevalence of AA in Al-Taif area; 6.750% in males and 6.375% in females. Localized AA was the most common (88.75%) as well as the most responsive to the treatment. The emergence of disease was mostly related to the immune system (85%). The Doctors preferred topical corticosteroids or minoxidil plus systemic vitamins and minerals treatment more than others due to its effectiveness (90%, 40% responsiveness in localized and diffused respectively). Conclusion: We concluded that, the incidence of AA disease in Al-Taif area, exceeded expectations and the autoimmune condition is the most predominance reason for its occurrence. The most effective treatment was topical corticosteroids plus systemic vitamins and minerals. Recommendations: We recommend a vitamin-rich diet as well as an increased emphasis on the use of topical rubefacient herbs in addition to the above mentioned treatments of AA.

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