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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 135-137

Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia presenting along with multiple subcutaneous abscesses

Department of Microbiology, R.G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Simit Kumar
Department of Microbiology, R.G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata - 700 037
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0521.117921

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Community onset necrotizing pneumonia due to community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is an emerging clinical entity, especially, following a viral infection, with substantial morbidity and mortality and survivors, have long-term pulmonary complications requiring treatment. The infectious diseases society of America guidelines has recently addressed the issue of MRSA as a possible pathogen that warrants empiric antibiotic therapy for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in patients requiring inpatient intensive care unit treatment, recommending the use of vancomycin or linezolid, with linezolid having an advantage due to its documented suppression of panton valentine leukocidin toxin production in CA-MRSA. We report a case of a child presenting with pyothorax and multiple subcutaneous absceses over the deltoid region. The pus from the abscesses and pyothorax and the expectorated sputum showed the growth of MRSA. The case was diagnosed as CA-MRSA pneumonia and was successfully treated with vancomycin but the patient required pulmonary decortications and long-term physiotherapy. The case highlights the importance of considering CA-MRSA in the initial empirical therapy for severe CAP and the long-term morbidity associated with this otherwise fatal disease.

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