Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
    Users Online: 301
Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-41

A retrospective study on fall-related injuries at a tertiary care level


Department of Community Medicine, M.O.S.C Medical College Kolenchery, Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
T M Celine
Department of Community Medicine, M.O.S.C Medical College Kolenchery, Ernakulam, Kerala
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-0521.112629

Rights and Permissions

Background: Fall-related injuries will disable the injured person to earn money or lead to death or will lead the family to the poor economic condition. Aims: To find the case fatality rate, type of fall-related injuries, and the body parts affected by injuries among the hospitalized patients with fall-related injuries from 1 st April 2005 to 31 st March 2010. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study on hospitalized fall-related injured patients in MOSC Medical college Hospital, Kolenchery, Ernakulam, Kerala, India from 1 st April 2005 to 31 st March 2010. Data collected from the registers maintained in the medical records department. Z test was used for the comparison of proportions. Results: Of 4530 patients admitted with fall-related injuries during the study period, 2723 (60.1%) were males and 1807 (39.9%) were females. The major types of fall-related injuries were fall on and from stairs and steps (1.3%), fall involving bed (1.4%), fall from tree (3.2%), fall from one level to another (14.1%), unspecified falls (77.75%). While going to injuries, affected on body region were head (42.2%), elbow and forearm (13.1%), knee and lower leg (7.9%), hip and thigh (7.6%). Most of the fall-related injuries were happened in the age group of 15-64 years. Fall-related injuries were happened more in males than in females in the age group of 15-64 years. Fall-related injuries were more happened in females than in males in the age group of >64 years. The case fatality rate due to falls was 2.25%. Of 102 deaths, 74 (72.55%) were males and 28 (27.45%) were females. Proportion of male deaths 74 (2.7%) was more than of females 28 (1.5%) (P = 0.0079). Of 102 deaths, 46 (44.4%) were occurred in the age group of >64 years. Conclusion: Take care and give care is the only policy to prevent the fall-related injuries. Whoever be the injured, wherever it is affected, the injuries always make loss on human work power and national economy. Therefore, the only solution for this is the prevention by ensuring the human physical environment as healthy. In addition to this, much emphasis needs to be given to the older ones while handling them.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed3823    
    Printed137    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded231    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal