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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 69-73

A frequently found rare tumor at high altitude: Atrial Myxoma; Kashmir experience

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Mohd Lateef Wani
Senior Resident CVTS, SKIMS, Soura Srinagar 190010, Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0521.100947

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Background: Myxomas are the most common type of cardiac tumors in all age groups, and symptoms are produced by mechanical interference with cardiac function or embolization. This study comprises the clinical profile, surgical approach, morbidity, mortality and recurrence rate of atrial myxomas in the Kashmir valley. Patients and Methods: The study was retrospective from January 1991 to July 2005 and prospective from August 2005 to December 2007. All patients admitted with the diagnosis of atrial myxomas were included in the study. Results: The study included 30 patients with a mean age of 52 ± 4.8 years. Females outnumbered males, with a ratio of 2.9:1. Dyspnea was the most common symptom on presentation, with majority of the patients belonging to New York Heart Association Class III (56.6%). Pre-operative diagnosis was established in all patients by echocardiography. Majority of myxomas, i.e. 22 (88%), arose from interatrial septum. Wide excision of tumor with polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE)/pericardial patch closure was the most common surgical procedure performed. Both early and late mortalities were 6.6%. In addition to clinical examination, periodic echocardiography was done on follow-up to detect recurrence, which was seen in one (3.3%) patient. Conclusions: Surgical management is curative with minimal early and late morbidity and mortality. Extensive resection of the myxoma attached to the atrial septum or atrial wall can reduce the likelihood of recurrence to a great extent, and long-term clinical and echocardiographic follow-up is mandatory.

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