|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 141
Mastoid osteoma: Report of a case and literature review
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
Department of Paediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
|Date of Web Publication||1-Oct-2018|
Prof. Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
P. O. Box 55302, Baghdad Post Office, Baghdad
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Al-Mendalawi MD. Mastoid osteoma: Report of a case and literature review. Saudi J Health Sci 2018;7:141
I read with interest the case report by Ismail et al. on the mastoid osteoma (MO) in a Nigerian patient. It is noteworthy that patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are more liable to have different neoplasms compared to healthy controls. The increased propensity of neoplasms among HIV-positive patients has been attributed to many factors, including immunosuppression, coinfection with oncogenic viruses, and life prolongation secondary to the use of antiretroviral therapy. Among these neoplasms, osteoma has been reported in HIV-positive patients. To the best of my knowledge, Nigeria is among sub-Saharan countries remarkably affected with HIV/AIDS. The recently published data pointed out to 12.9% HIV seroprevalence in Nigeria with urban/rural disparity. I presume that underlying HIV infection ought to be considered in the studied patient. Hence, planning for the diagnostic panel of viral overload and CD4 count estimations was solicited. If that diagnostic panel was accomplished and it revealed underlying HIV infection, the case in question could be confidently regarded a novel case report of HIV-associated MO in Nigeria.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Ismail NJ, Lasseini A, Koko AM, Shehu BB. Mastoid osteoma: Report of a case and literature review. Saudi J Health Sci 2017;6:176-8. [Full text]
Valencia Ortega ME. Malignancies and infection due to the human immunodeficiency virus. Are these emerging diseases? Rev Clin Esp 2018;218:149-55.
Camozzato C, Basso Fde O, Duquia RP, Boff AL, Almeida HL Jr. Facial miliary osteoma in HIV patient. An Bras Dermatol 2011;86:S66-8.
Okonkwo UC, Okpara H, Otu A, Ameh S, Ogarekpe Y, Osim H, et al.
Prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency viruses, and evaluation of risk factors for transmission: Report of a population screening in Nigeria. S Afr Med J 2017;107:346-51.