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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-22

Asthma control and self-management: The role of asthma education

Department of Respiratory Care, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ghazi Abdulrahman Alotaibi
Department of Respiratory Care, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, P.O. Box 40269, Dammam - 31952
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0521.151404

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Asthma is a common chronic airway disease that afflicts both adults and children. Worldwide, about 300 million people suffer from asthma. There has been a great interest in developing treatment guidelines for asthma in many countries. The focus in all asthma treatment guidelines is to control asthma symptoms by involving patients in their treatment planning and execution. Therefore, asthma education has become the main component of the treatment plan. Studies have shown that simple educational sessions for asthmatics could have positive impacts on patients' adherence to treatment and control of symptoms. We searched most common medical and health databases for related research studies that were published since 2001. The retrieved articles were carefully scrutinized for inclusion in this review. This review focuses on level of asthma control as reported in the literature and provides an overview of effectiveness of asthma education programmes on controlling asthma symptoms. With all available knowledge and technology, it seems that the goal of controlling asthma is yet to be achieved. Asthma education should be integrated in treatment plan and conducted at all points of patients' care.

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